Westport Property - Dundee

What Appliances Must Be Provided by Landlords According to Scottish Legislation?

5 Jun 2024

As a landlord in Scotland, it is essential to understand your obligations regarding providing appliances. In Scotland, landlords have specific responsibilities regarding providing and maintaining appliances in rental properties, as outlined in legislation such as the Housing (Scotland) Act 2006 and subsequent regulations. Understanding these requirements is crucial for both landlords and tenants to ensure safe and compliant living conditions. This article delves into the appliances that landlords are obligated to provide, maintain, and ensure the safety of, according to Scottish legislation. 

Scottish Legislation and Regulations 

What Appliances Must Be Provided by Landlords According to Scottish Legislation?
What Appliances Must Be Provided by Landlords According to Scottish Legislation?

The Private Housing (Tenancies) (Scotland) Act 2016 and the Housing (Scotland) Act 2006 outline key responsibilities for landlords in Scotland. These laws cover the essential appliances, fixtures, and property standards that must be provided and maintained to ensure compliance with Scottish legislation.

  • Heating and Hot Water: Scottish landlords must provide adequate heating systems, such as central heating or fixed heaters, in all habitable rooms. Additionally, they must ensure that hot and cold water supply systems are functional and efficient.
  • Electrical and Gas Safety: Maintaining safe electrical wiring and gas installations is a crucial responsibility. Landlords must perform annual gas safety checks by a registered gas-safe engineer and provide tenants with a Gas Safety Certificate. Electrical safety inspections must be conducted every five years, and an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) must be obtained.
  • Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarms: Scottish landlords must install smoke alarms on each floor of the property and heat alarms in kitchens. Carbon monoxide detectors must be placed near any carbon-fueled appliances, such as boilers or fireplaces.

Failure to meet these responsibilities can result in significant penalties, including fines, legal action, and potential revocation of the landlord’s license. Scottish landlords are advised to familiarise themselves with the relevant legislation and seek guidance from experienced letting agents or property management companies if needed. Adhering to these responsibilities not only ensures compliance with the law but also fosters positive landlord-tenant relationships and provides a safe and comfortable living environment for tenants.

Read More: What is a Letting Agent: A Complete Guide

Appliances and Amenities Landlords Must Provide in Scotland

While Scottish law doesn’t mandate landlords to furnish properties with all appliances, there are some essential items they must provide to ensure a habitable and safe environment for tenants. Here’s a breakdown of the required amenities and appliances:

Cooking Facilities:

  • The Law: The Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) sets the guidelines. Landlords must provide either a cooker (combination oven and hob) or a separate hob and oven.
  • Why it Matters: Functional cooking facilities are crucial for preparing meals, a basic necessity for tenants.

Safety Essentials:

  • Smoke Alarms: At least one smoke alarm on each floor of the property is mandatory. These alarms should be ceiling-mounted and regularly maintained by the landlord.
  • Carbon Monoxide Alarms: In any room containing a fixed combustion appliance (excluding gas cookers), such as a gas or oil boiler, a carbon monoxide alarm is required. This safeguards tenants from the dangers of carbon monoxide poisoning.

Security and Basic Amenities:

  • Functional Locks: All external doors must have working locks to ensure the security of the property and its occupants.
  • Sanitary Facilities: A toilet, shower or bathroom, and a sink are essential for basic hygiene needs. These must be in proper working order.
  • Heating System: A functional boiler or heating system is necessary to provide hot water and maintain comfortable temperatures within the property.
  • Floor Coverings: Landlords must ensure safe floor coverings throughout the property. This could involve carpets, rugs, or safe exposed floorboards.
  • Light Fittings: Every room should have functional light fittings to provide adequate illumination.

Also Read: Guide for Renting Out a Property for the First Time

Additional Considerations

While not mandatory by law, some landlords in Scotland choose to provide additional appliances like washing machines, refrigerators, and dishwashers to make their properties more attractive to tenants. It’s important to note that if a landlord does furnish these appliances, they become responsible for ensuring they are in good working order and meet safety regulations.

It’s important to note that these appliances must meet minimum safety standards and be in good working condition when the tenancy begins. Landlords should also ensure that the appliances are properly installed and maintained throughout the tenancy.

Ensuring the Safety and Maintenance of Rental Appliances

What Appliances Must Be Provided by Landlords According to Scottish Legislation?
What Appliances Must Be Provided by Landlords According to Scottish Legislation?

Landlords have a crucial responsibility to ensure the safety and proper maintenance of appliances. Safety checks and regular maintenance protect tenants and help extend the appliances’ lifespan and prevent costly repairs or replacements.

Gas Safety Checks:
If the rental property has gas appliances, such as a gas cooker or boiler, landlords must arrange an annual gas safety check by a registered gas-safe engineer. This check ensures that the appliances are safe to use and identifies any potential hazards or necessary repairs.

Electrical Safety:
Landlords are responsible for ensuring that the electrical installations and appliances in the rental property are safe and meet current regulations. A qualified electrician should perform regular electrical safety checks to identify and rectify any potential hazards.

Regular Maintenance:
Landlords should establish a routine maintenance schedule for appliances, including cleaning filters, checking for leaks, and addressing any issues promptly. This proactive approach can help prevent breakdowns and extend the lifespan of the appliances.

User Manuals and Instructions:
Providing tenants with user manuals and instructions for appliances can help them understand how to operate and maintain the appliances correctly, reducing the risk of misuse or damage.

Tenant Responsibilities for Proper Appliance Usage

While landlords have legal obligations regarding the provision and maintenance of appliances, tenants also have responsibilities to ensure that the appliances are used and cared for properly.

  1. Proper Use: Tenants should use the provided appliances responsibly and in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and any guidelines provided by the landlord.
  2. Reporting Issues: If an appliance is not working correctly or needs repair, tenants should promptly report the issue to the landlord or property manager to ensure timely maintenance or replacement.
  3. Cleaning and Basic Maintenance: Tenants are typically responsible for keeping the appliances clean and performing basic maintenance tasks, such as cleaning filters or defrosting freezers.
  4. Misuse or Damage: If a tenant misuses or damages an appliance through negligence or intentional actions, the landlord may hold the tenant financially responsible for the cost of repairs or replacement.

Also Read: What Can I Do If My Tenant Stops Paying Rent?

Energy-Efficient and Eco-Friendly Appliance Options

What Appliances Must Be Provided by Landlords According to Scottish Legislation?
What Appliances Must Be Provided by Landlords According to Scottish Legislation?

In recent years, there has been an increasing emphasis on energy efficiency and environmental sustainability in the rental market. Landlords may consider providing energy-efficient and eco-friendly appliances for several reasons:

  1. Cost Savings: Energy-efficient appliances can help reduce utility costs for both landlords and tenants, making the rental property more affordable in the long run.
  2. Environmental Impact: Eco-friendly appliances have a lower carbon footprint and contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, aligning with growing environmental concerns.
  3. Tenant Preference: Many tenants, particularly younger generations, are increasingly conscious of their environmental impact and may prefer rental properties with energy-efficient and eco-friendly appliances.

Landlords should research and compare the energy efficiency ratings of appliances when making purchasing decisions and consider the long-term cost savings and environmental benefits.

Appliance Replacement and Upgrades

Over time, appliances may need to be replaced or upgraded due to wear and tear, technological advancements, or changing tenant needs. In such cases, landlords have a responsibility to ensure that the replacement or upgraded appliances meet current safety standards and legal requirements.

  1. End of Life: When an appliance reaches the end of its usable life, landlords are responsible for replacing it with a new, safe, and compliant appliance.
  2. Tenant Requests: In some cases, tenants may request upgrades or replacements of appliances for convenience or personal preferences. Landlords should consider these requests on a case-by-case basis and may choose to accommodate them if feasible.
  3. Cost-sharing Arrangements: In certain situations, landlords and tenants may agree to cost-sharing arrangements for appliance replacements or upgrades, especially if the tenant has specific preferences or requests beyond the essential requirements.
  4. Energy Efficiency Upgrades: Landlords may choose to upgrade appliances to more energy-efficient models, not only to reduce utility costs but also to comply with potential future regulations or standards.

It’s important for landlords to communicate clearly with tenants regarding appliance replacements or upgrades, outlining any potential changes in rental costs or responsibilities.


In Scotland, landlords have specific legal obligations to provide and maintain essential appliances in their rental properties. This ensures that the property is not only habitable but also safe and comfortable for tenants. Key responsibilities include providing adequate heating systems, ensuring electrical and gas safety, installing smoke and carbon monoxide alarms, and maintaining essential sanitary facilities and security measures.

By adhering to the Housing (Scotland) Act 2006, the Private Housing (Tenancies) (Scotland) Act 2016, and other relevant regulations, landlords can avoid significant penalties and legal issues. Regular maintenance and safety checks are crucial to comply with these standards and foster positive landlord-tenant relationships.

Westport Property in Dundee exemplifies best practices in property management by ensuring all their properties meet and exceed these legislative requirements. Our commitment to providing high-quality, well-maintained rental properties not only ensures compliance with Scottish legislation but also enhances tenant satisfaction and safety. By working with experienced property management companies like Westport Property, landlords can navigate the complexities of rental regulations with confidence and ensure their properties remain desirable and legally compliant.

Landlords should stay informed about any changes in legislation and consider seeking professional advice to maintain their properties in accordance with Scottish law. Ultimately, understanding and fulfilling these responsibilities creates a better living environment for tenants and contributes to the overall success and reputation of rental properties.

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Author Image
  • Adam Hutcheson
  • Meet Adam, a proud native of Dundee with over 20 years of extensive experience in the local property market. Following his tenure with national chartered surveying firms, he founded Westport Property in 2012. Specialising in all aspects of residential and commercial property, Adam holds full MRICS membership with the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, alongside a CIH Level 3 certificate in Housing Practice.